What is Organizational Development?
Organizational Development is the field of study that deals with human development in organizations. It is the study of individuals, groups, and organizational processes (structures).
Knowledge gained from the understanding of these groups is used by scientists to better identify human behavior, as well as by practitioners who are interested in enhancing organizational effectiveness, individual satisfaction, and personal growth and development.
Organizational Development takes a multidisciplinary approach in that it draws from the disciplines of psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, and management sciences.
Topics you will study in the field of OD:
- Leadership and power dynamics
- Interpersonal and intercultural communication
- Group structure and processes
- Learning styles
- Attitude development and perception
- Change processes
- Work-related stress
- Workforce diversity
- Ethical behavior
In turn, these topics are then applied to employment-related situations to gain a better understanding of leadership skills, human performance, productivity, absenteeism, and employee turnover.
||Questionnaires area developed and administered to people to measure how they feel about various aspects of themselves, their jobs and their organizations. Responses to some questionnaires are compared to others, or to actual behaviors, to see how various concepts are interrelated.
||This technique is the most popular one used in the field of OB.
||Behavior is carefully studied – either in a controlled setting (a lab) or in an actual company (the field) – to see how a particular variable that is systematically varied affects other aspects of behavior.
||This technique makes it possible to learn about cause-effect relationships.
||A non-empirical technique in which a scientist systematically records various events and behaviors observed in a work setting.
||This technique is subject to the biases of the observer.
||A thorough description of a series of events that occurred in a particular organization.
||Findings from case studies may not be generalizable to other organizations.
Greenberg, Jerald (2005). Managing behavior in organizations. Pearson Prentice Hall